Who Wrote National Song Of India

Who Wrote National Song Of India

The authorship of the National Song of India has been a subject of debate and speculation for many years. This article delves into the question of who actually wrote this significant patriotic song. By examining various theories and historical accounts, we aim to shed light on the origins and true authorship behind this iconic composition.

Authorship of the National Song of India

The author of the original rendition of Vande Mataram was Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay/Chatterjee.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay had an avid interest in recent events in Indian and Bengali history particularly the revolt of 1857 and the Sanyasi rebellion which had happened a century before. During his time as a government official in 1876, the colonial administration was trying to promote “God Save the Queen” as the national anthem of British India. Needless to say, the vast majority of the Indian nationalists were against such a move. Thus Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote a poem which would capture the rich cultural history of India while keeping its core identity intact.

The composition of Vande Mataram took place in Chinsura, where there is a white house belonging to the Adhya Family situated near the Hooghly River, close to Mallik Ghat.

The poem was penned by Chattopadhyay during an impromptu session, incorporating words from Sanskrit and Bengali. It was later published in his book Anandamath (pronounced Anondomôţh in Bengali) in 1882, which revolves around the Sannyasi Rebellion. Soon after its creation, Jadunath Bhattacharya was approached to compose a melody for this poem.

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The credit for the present-day rendition of Vande Mataram goes to V. D. Paluskar, who established the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and Akhil Bharatiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal.

On 24 January 1950, the Constituent Assembly of India has adopted “Vande Mataram” as a national song. On the occasion, the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad stated that the song should be honoured equally with the national anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”. However, the Constitution of India does not have any mention of “national song”.

Authorship of the Indian National Song

  1. The National song of India, Vande Mataram is considered as the foundation of encouragement to the people in their struggle for freedom. The National song of India is versed in the Sanskrit and Bengali languages by Bankim Chandra Chatterji.
  2. The former President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on January 24, 1950, came up with a declaration in the Constituent Assembly that the song Vande Mataram, which had played a significant part in the historic freedom struggle held in India, should be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and must give equal status with it.
  3. The song was a part of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882) which is set in the events of Sannyasi rebellion.
  4. The first translation of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s novel Anand Math, comprising the poem Vande Mataram, into English was done by Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta, in 1906.
  5. 1896 session of the Indian National Congress is the first political event when the National song was sung. The national song of India was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore session on the same occasion.
  6. In 1905, Poet Sarala Devi Chaudurani sang the national song in the Benares Congress Session.
  7. From Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai published a journal called Vande Mataram
  8. In 1905, Vande Mataram was recited in the first political film made by Hiralal Sen
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Author of the Indian national song?

The Congress Working Committee, which is a group of leaders from the Indian National Congress party, chose “Vande Mataram” as the national song of India. They believed that this song represented the spirit and love for our country.

Who Authored the National Song of India?

Ans. The Indian National Song, ‘Vande Mataram’ was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji.

Q 2. When was the National Song of India first sung in the country?

The inaugural performance of the National Song of India took place during the 1896 gathering of the Indian National Congress, marking a significant political event.

Author and Date of Vande Mataram?

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, an eminent writer of his time, penned Vande Mataram as a part of his novel Anandamath. The poem quickly gained popularity due to its powerful verses and emotional appeal. It became an anthem for many Indians during the freedom struggle against British colonial rule.

Author of Jana Gana Mana?

P.S: The words “Jana Gana Mana” translate to “Thou Art the Ruler of All Minds” in English. This powerful phrase reflects the spirit of inclusivity and reverence for diversity that is deeply ingrained in Indian culture.

The father of Vande Mataram

In 1876, Bankim Chandra published Anandamath, a novel that featured the powerful song Vande Mataram as its centerpiece. The words “Vande Mataram” translate to “I bow to thee Mother,” symbolizing reverence towards India as the nurturing motherland. This stirring composition quickly gained popularity among freedom fighters who saw it as an embodiment of their collective aspirations for independence.

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The impact of Vande Mataram was so profound that it soon became synonymous with the Indian independence movement itself. Its verses resonated deeply with people across different regions and languages within India, uniting them under one common sentiment – love for their country and determination to break free from foreign domination.

Despite being written in Bengali originally, Vande Mataram transcended linguistic barriers and found widespread acceptance throughout the nation. It captured the spirit of patriotism like no other piece of literature had done before or since then. Today, this timeless anthem continues to evoke strong emotions among Indians and serves as a reminder of their shared struggle for freedom.

Is there a second National Anthem in India?

– Both songs have significant cultural importance but serve different purposes – one being played on official occasions and the other sung during patriotic moments.

Who was the originator of the initial portrayal of Bharat Mata?

P.S: It is worth mentioning that “Vande Mataram” later became one of the most popular patriotic songs in India. Written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay himself, it served as an anthem during the freedom struggle against British rule. Its verses evoke strong emotions and continue to be sung fervently even today.